Shraddha Verma (6th SEM)
Nature is our world, our homes, what we see, hear and feel is all nature. The flora, fauna, all ecosystems and natural resources are all the parts of nature. The Rivers, OCEANS, atmosphere, minerals, soils, ozone layer and the climate are all the parts of natural resources necessary for our survival and hence are of prime importance. Perfect, if we say "Natural resources are precious Jewels of the earth", as they provide us the raw material to architect things that make our life enjoyable and comfortable rich.

Today the greatest concern of mankind is towards a better environment and also to lead a modern life style. There is a mad rush for commercialization in modern societies. Business is the main criteria, which has resulted in indiscriminate industrialization, over utilization of resources, changes in the life style of the people and finally creating a huge hindrance for the idea of sustainable development. Modern societies have lost their original cultural heritage. The present day we are using new technology and excessively using natural resources for better comfort.

The present community has been exploiting natural resources to satisfy its needs for rapid development and technological progress. At present, forest, soil, water, minerals and fossil fuels are over utilized hence the situation has become very alarming. More demand for food, excess as well as improper use of fertilizers, pesticides and other chemicals, massive removal of forest cover, and over consumption of energy, wasting and polluting water, uses of CFCs and ODS(Ozone Depleting Substances) so on lead to the depletion of ozone layer at a rapid rate.

The causes of exploitation and depletion of resources are as follows.
• Non-Equitable distribution of natural resources leads to heavy transportation(import and export) cost;inter state disputes(for example-The problem of Satluj Yamuna Link Canal is a dispute between the states of Punjab & Haryana) and international disputes between countries(for example A River Mekong(4200Km.) passes through many countries of south east Asia like Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand, Laos, Myanmar and China. Many development works (construction of 54 Dams) in the basin of this river could not be completed because of international disputes between these countries.
• Irrational and overuse of resources such as overgrazing by cattle leading to the depletion of soil, overuse of ground water;over consumption of energy leads to biological and economic loss of resources.
• The growing urbanization results in diversion of land used to farming, for construction, pasture, wasteland, overgrazing and so on disturbs the pattern of that region. The major criteria is floating population, it results in corruption of the beautiful natural landscape to be in direct or indirect way.
• Population explosion-The root cause of environmental degradation leads to irrational use of resources. The per capita use of energy and mineral resources is much high in developed countries. In their attempt to adopt the lifestyle of developed countries, the under developed and developing countries instead of curbing their population expansion are over exploiting their natural resources.

A few steps that can be taken by community to retard this rapid diversion of resources from productive to non-productive uses and for the conservation of nature as follows:
• Develop love and respect for the environment.
• Have a proper planning for proper use of resources.
• Fill the glass with water, as much is required for drinking
• Install rainwater harvesting systems in your house
• Use water very carefully and economically for domestic and industrial purposes.
• Use most efficient devices and fuels available.
• Use cycles for small distances and for longer distances use e-bikes or public transportation.
• Promote use of CFL, solar cookers and solar water heaters.
• Avoid the use of goods containing CFC
• Promote use of CNG and LPG instead using petrol and diesel.
• Never use products made from endangered species.
• Follow the rules and regulations framed by government.


People think that solutions to their problems are expensive and hard to find. But more often than not, real solutions to basic problems are abundant, cheap and even free. Health problems are especially solvable with natural inexpensive gifts from nature. Moringa, for example, is a wonderful blessing for us all. “:Moringa is an extraordinary plant. It’s a plant that has all the nutrients that could be found in a perfect food.” Moringa Olifera leaves (commonly known as drumstick leaves, Murun­ gai keerai, Muringa, Munagachettu, Sahjan) was once considered a "poor man's vegetable" but now it is known as a "miracle tree" or "nature's medicinal.cabinet" by scientists and health care workers around the world be­ cause it is loaded with vitamins and minerals that can be an effective remedy against many kinds of ailments. The small, oval, dark-green leaves are famous vegetable ingredient in the traditional recipes of India like soup, curries and snack dishes. The leaves can actually be best added in meals due to its high concentration of nutrients. Locally available Green Leafy Vegetables (GLV) like Moringa leaves is a treasure trove of nutrients in general and is available at low cost through­ out the year. Health benefits of Moringa fresh and dried leaf powder. 1. lts antioxidant properties and presence of Vitamin C helps to strengthen our immune system. 2. Restores skin condition, controls blood pressure, relieves headaches and migraines. 3. Provides nourishment to the eye and helps in 'vision health due to the presence of Carotene in it. 4. Prevents intestinal worms due to anti microbial activity in it. 5. Increases semen count. 6. Helps to normalize blood sugar level thereby preventing diabetes. 7. Has anti-cancer compounds (phytochemicals) that help stop the growth of cancer cells.